by helping the people
Food Forest and
Between the wildlife areas, both the state protected areas and the areas outside the
parks, there are now vast agricultural areas in East Africa, which are virtually free of larger wildlife populations and prevent the migration of wild animals and thus genetic exchange.
Our work explores the question of whether and how it could be possible to re-network the once-connected wildlife areas through corridors and recreate interconnected habitats.
The work of the Jane Goodall Institute in Tanzania shows that it can be possible to create corridors for wildlife even through wide landscapes with the help of the people living there.
(Jane Goodall talks about the Take Care Project in Tanzania / https://youtu.be/1WOfQfTn7Ng)
But also the Green Belt Movement of the Kenyan Nobel Prize winner Wangari Maathai has the idea of green, the country passing tree belts.
Also worth mentioning is the work of Willie Smits of BOS (Borneo Urang Utan Survival) in Kalimantan (Borneo), who, with the help of the indigenous population in a quilted landscape, reforested a forest-like forest area of 20 square kilometers that is now both human and natural Wild animals benefit.
(How to Regrow a Rain Forest - Willie Smits / https://youtu.be/pyneMUd5Z04)
The question was how to persuade people to volunteer to provide land for the creation of green corridors that connect the land and still intact ecosystems of interconnecting corridors.
The answer is simple: people need to have a benefit, an advantage, of it.
This brought us to the idea of the Food Forest. Food Forest is a term from permaculture and refers to a planted forest with a high proportion of trees with edible fruits, but also with other human-to-use products such as herbs, vegetables or bamboo. Similar forms of silviculture are termed agroforestry or rainforestation farming.
A Food Forest supplies food, medicine and also construction material and represents a significant enrichment of nutrition in regions where maize and a few vegetables are often cultivated.
But a Food Forest is also an ecosystem in which animals can live or which they can follow as a corridor through agriculturally used areas. Of course, it is not in the interests of the people who create a food forest to attract larger wildlife such as elephants. But the project "Elephants and Bees" has shown that beekeeping can effectively keep elephants out of plantings. So there is the possibility to design Food Forest Corridors so that areas reserved for intensive human use are separated from areas of more extensive use by "bee fences". So it is possible to direct the migration of larger wildlife within and along the corridors. But these are first and foremost visions of the future.
The first steps, however, are to make individual food forests, which emerge as natural islands in landscapes, gradually grow together into ribbons and that can serve as a habitat or corridor for at least smaller wildlife and birds, is quite realistic and feasible. Reforestation is one of the Kenyan government's top priorities, and its stated goal is to increase forest cover to 10% of its territory by 2030 (currently 7.4%). Any form of reforestation will therefore be supported by the government, making our project idea very realistic.